32636 (LBSCR 72 Fenchurch, SR B636, SR 2636 & BR 32636)

32636 at Sheffield Park on the Bluebell Railway - June 1964.jpg

32636 was built at Brighton in 1872 as 72 Fenchurch and although not the first built was the first into service.

Various sizes of cylinder were used on these locomotives down the years, at different times 10 x 26, 12 x 26, 13 x 26 and 14 x 26. In 1904 32636 was fitted with the largest at 14 3/16 x 26.

The locomotive was rebuilt as an A1X with a new boiler and extended smokebox in common with those retained on the main line in 1913.

It was sold to Newhaven Harbour Company in 1898 for £500 and returned to the Southern Railway in 1925 when the Southern Railway took over the operation of Newhaven Harbour. It became part of the capital stock as B636 in 1927 following the absorption of the Harbour Company as part of the Southern Railway.

Vacuum brakes were then fitted to the locomotive in addition to the Westinghouse system. This was the fourth system applied to the engine as it had started its life with steam brakes and been involved in an unsuccessful experiment with hydraulic brakes.

When the Western Breakwater line was closed the need for locomotives with light axeloads to cross the swing bridge ceased and Fenchurch was no longer required at Newhaven. In May 1963 the locomotive was nominally transferred to Eastleigh but in fact it went to Fratton to supplement the other A1X class engines based there for working the Hayling Island branch. The Branch closed in November and the all of the members of the class were withdrawn from service.

From 1950 until withdrawal in November 1963 32636 had the distinction of being the oldest locomotive in British Railway stock.

BR motive power depot allocations.


Date Arrived Depot
January 1948 Newhaven
September 1955 Brighton
October 1955 St Leonards
May 1958 Ashford
October 1959 Fratton
February 1960 Brighton
May 1963 Eastleigh


Following withdrawal from service it was sold to the Bluebell Railway for £750.

After much initial use, the locomotive was retired for overhaul in 1970, and returned to traffic in 1972 for its centenary. However, it was withdrawn in 1975 after finding extensive cracks in the fiorebox. After fitting a new firebox it re-entered service in 1980, running until 1988. At its next overhaul, the need to replace one pair of the original wrought iron wheels due to the detection of cracks in a wheel-hub meant the locomotive was not returned to traffic until 2001. Although carrying an A1X boiler, the smokebox was rebuilt during that overhaul such that it now looks very similar to its original A1 form.

It is planned to start overhauling the locomotive in the near future with the aim of having it back in steam for its 150th birthday in 2022.

Home Base Current Status Owner
Bluebell Railway On static display awaiting overhaul Bluebell Railway
32636 at Sheffield Park on the Bluebell Railway - June 1964.jpg 32636 at Sheffield Park on the Bluebell Railway – June 1964
32636 At Locomotion, Shildon - August 1975.jpg 32636 At Locomotion, Shildon – August 1975
32636 at Horsted Keynes on the Bluebell Railway - May 1987.jpg 32636 at Horsted Keynes on the Bluebell Railway – May 1987
32636 at Sheffield Park-2012.jpg 32636 at Sheffield Park on the Bluebell Railway-2012


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