1338 Cardiff Railway 0-4-0ST

1338

Power Classification0F
Introduced1898
DesignerKitson & Co
CompanyCardiff Railway
Weight25t 10cwt
Driving Wheels3ft 2.5in
Boiler Pressure160psi
CylindersOutside – 14ins  x  21in
Tractive Effort14,540lbf
Valve GearHawthorn Kitson

The Cardiff Railway was owned by the Marquis of Bute and was the smallest railway absorbed into the Great Western in 1923. It operated a ‘main line’ of 11 and a half miles connecting to the Taff Vale railway (also absorbed into the GWR in 1923) and 120 miles of dock and colliery sidings. It owned only tank locomotives of various sizes. Two locomotives of this class were built with one of them being scrapped in 1934.

This little engine was built as Cardiff Railway No. 5 in 1898 by Kitsons of Leeds (works number 3799), to replace an older No. 5. It was fitted with Hawthorn Kitson valve gear with a link above the running plate instead of below. No coal bunker was fitted.

With its twin, No. 6, it was inherited by the GWR in 1923, who-renumbered them 1338 and 1339. 1339 was cut up in 1934, but 1338 remained, initially in store but then loaned to Stewarts & Lloyds Ltd of Swansea during the Second World War. At the time of nationalisation of the railways in January 1948 the locomotive was based at Bridgewater but it was transferred to Taunton depot in May 1953 for working in Bridgwater docks, then to Swansea docks in June 1960. From there it was finally withdrawn in September 1963, becoming the last withdrawal of all standard gauge locomotives absorbed into the GWR. It ran 354,000 miles in GWR and BR service, a huge mileage for such a small engine.

Preservation

1338.jpg

In April 1964, 1338 was saved from scrapping and moved to behind the up platform at Bleadon & Uphill (Somerset) station, where it could be detected amongst the bushes from passing expresses.

In 1987 it was brought to Didcot, and was restored to working order, though the boiler certificate has now expired and the locomotive is on display in non-working condition.

Home BaseCurrent StatusOwner
Didcot Railway CentreStatic displayGreat Western Society Limited

1338 at Bridgewater – September 1957
1338 at Cardiff East Dock – Date unknown
1338 at Swansea East Dock – February 1961
1338 at Swansea East Dock – February 1961
1338 at Swansea East Dock shed – October 1963
1338 at Bleadon & Uphill – July 1968
1338 at Didcot Railway Centre – January 2011

Back to GWR

Back to Locomotives