20 0-4-0 Furness Railway

 

Furness Railway

Power Classification
Introduced 1863
Designer
Company Furness Railway
Weight t cwt
Driving Wheels ft ins
Boiler Pressure psi
Cylinders Inside – in x in
Tractive Effort lbf
Valve Gear

This locomotive was built in 1863 by Sharp Stewart & Co. of Manchester as one of a batch of eight 0-4-0 tender locomotives supplied between 1863 and 1866. It became Furness Railway number 20.

The rapid growth of traffic on the Furness Railway in the 1860’s resulted in these small four wheeled engines soon becoming obsolescent. In 1870 the first six of the class, F.R. numbers 17, 18, 19, 20, 25 and 26 were sold to the Barrow Haematite Steel Co. (BHSC) at Barrow. This company, formed in 1864, had very close links with the Furness Railway and at the time possessed the biggest Iron and Steelworks in the world supplying steel rails to railways across the world.

For many years it was assumed that the BHSC numbers allocated followed the same sequence as the locomotives had had on the Furness Railway. This led to a riddle about the engine’s true identity that lasted for a century. Later it became know that the FR Co.’s No. 20 become BHSC No. 7. F.R. locomotives Nos. 27 and 28 of the same class were retained by the F.R. until withdrawal in 1918.

It is believed that Sharp Stewart & Co. took the six, still very new, engines back to the works, to convert them to saddle tanks before delivery to the BHSC. In 1915 BHSC No. 7 (F.R. No. 20) was rebuilt with a new boiler and in the 1950’s was re-wheeled. Unlike the rest of the former F.R. locomotives purchased by the steelworks, BHSC No. 7 retained its original wheel diameter of 4 ft 9 ins.

 

 Furness tank As rebuilt for the Barrow Haematite Steel Co as number 7

 

It continued in traffic until 1960 (just three years short of 100 years in service) when diesel locomotives were introduced.

Instead of being scrapped, the two remaining former F.R. machines were presented to local schools. BHSC 7 stood in the grounds of the George Hastwell Special School in Abbey Road, Barrow for over twenty years, until it was purchased privately in 1983 and moved to the Steamtown Railway Museum at Carnforth in Lancashire. The fate of the other locomotive is unknown.

Restoration began, but it was cut short by the death of one of the owners. The dismantled remains were acquired by the Furness Railway Trust in 1990 to safeguard the future of the locomotive.

On 24th August 1996, to the day the 150th Anniversary of the first Furness Railway passenger train, it was announced that the Heritage Lottery Fund had awarded a grant of £97,000 to assist the restoration of 20 to its original Furness Railway condition as an 0-4-0 tender locomotive. Grants towards the £140,000 cost of the project were also received from the PRISM Fund of the Science Museum, The Idlewild Trust, Furness Building Society and Cumbria County Council.

Copies of the original outline drawings for the locomotive were sourced from the Science Museum whilst further information was obtained from detailed study of four old photographs of Furness Railway 27 and 28.

The Furness Railway Trust prepared detailed drawings for all the new components required and received help from as far away as Turkey where a similar, surviving, Sharp Stewart tender was located and surveyed.

The stripped down frames and motion of the engine were delivered to the Barrow-in-Furness workshops of Marconi Marine (V.S.E.L.) in December 1996. After a total rebuild, including the construction of a new boiler and tender, the locomotive emerged two years later in December 1998, resplendent in Furness Railway Indian Red livery. The new boiler, of mainly riveted construction, was made by Israel Newton & Sons of Bradford. Marconi Marine (V.S.E.L.) constructed the tender chassis and students and staff of Furness College, Barrow, built the tender superstructure which houses 1,200 gallons of water and two tons of coal. The tender is of welded construction, but dummy rivet heads were welded into position to get the right look.

A major milestone was achieved in January 1999 when number 20 passed its in steam boiler examination and made its first journey on the Lakeside & Haverthwaite Railway in Cumbria, its new home. It was formally re-launched into service at a ceremony at Haverthwaite station on 20th April 1999.

20 is owned by the Furness Railway Trust. This trust is a Registered Charity, based in North West England. Originally based at the Lakeside and Haverthwaite Railway in Cumbria, it is now based in Preston at the Ribble Steam Railway.

The Furness Railway Trust is converting to a new type of body called a Charitable Incorporated Organisation. The new CIO has been registered with the Charity Commission and the next step is to move the charitable activities over from the old FRT to the new.

Number 20 is currently at Locomotion, the National Railway Museum at Shildon, where it has spent much of the last five where it is steamed on a regular basis. It has also performed on a number of heritage lines as well as at its base on the Ribble Steam Railway. It is the oldest operating standard gauge steam locomotive in Britain.

The boiler certificate expires in August 2018.

Home Base Current Status Owner
National Railway Museum – Locomotion at Shildon Static display but steam on a regular basis Furness Railway Trust