65243 was built by Neilson & Co at the Hyde Park Works in Glasgow in 1891.
In 1915 the engine was rebuilt at Cowlair works by Reid, Holmes successor, with a slightly larger boiler along with most of the engines of the J36 class.
In November 1917 it was loaned to the ROD for use in France during the First World War. It returned from France in June 1919 to return to service on the NBR where it gained the name Maude after Lieutenant General Sir Fredrick Stanley Maude, who had commanded the successful British forces in Mesopotamia until his death from cholera in 1917.
BR motive power depot allocations.
|1st January 1948||Haymarket|
|September 1963||Dalry Road|
65243 was withdrawn from service in July 1966 by which time the locomotive was the target of an appeal by the Scottish Railway Preservation Society (SRPS) who bought it from BR for £1,250. The BR asking price had been £1,900.
Victorian goods trains travelled slowly and had no continuous brake, and so when built 673 was provided with only a handbrake and a steam brake which worked on the wheels of the locomotive. When additional braking power was needed, the driver might whistle for the guard, in the brake van at the far end of the train, to apply his handbrake. Lack of a continuous brake limited the engine to working goods trains. Some locomotives of the class were fitted with continuous brake equipment, and after SRPS bought the locomotive they acquired a full set of vacuum brake equipment from a classmate (65345) and fitted this to Maude to enable it to operate passenger trains.
In addition, a replacement front buffer beam (also from 65345) was fitted as the original had been damaged when the engine had been used on snow ploughing duties.
In 1980 the locomotive returned to the main line when it steamed to Liverpool and back, taking part in the celebrations of the 150th anniversary of the Liverpool & Manchester Railway. The locomotive operated mainline railtours in the 1980s, including a series of very successful Santa Specials on the Edinburgh suburban line. Maude arrived at Bo’ness for a heavy overhaul in 1988, and resumed its role of workhorse, operating regularly on the Bo’ness & Kinneil Railway.
The locomotive is currently on static display in the Museum of Scottish Railways in Bo’ness awaiting funds for a major overhaul. The boiler is in good condition but will require re-tubing, but the cylinder and valve block requires replacement. It will also need new tyres, axle bearings, springs, as well as a new steam/vacuum brake valve
|Home Base||Current Status||Owner|
|Bo’ness & Kinneil Railway||On static display||Scottish Railway Preservation Society|
|65243 at St Margarets shed in Edinburgh – August 1966|
|65243 Maude at St Margerets, Edinburgh – September 1966|
|65243 Maude at Falkirk – May 1980|
|65243 Maude near Lauriseton – May 1980|
|65243 Maude leaving Perth – September 1986|
|65243 Maude at Stirling – September 1986|
|65243 in the NRM at York – June 2011|